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In 2030, 35% Energy Should Be Clean -- Biomass, Wind And Solar.
- Jan 01, 2018 -

European lawmakers have taken a series of steps that would greatly boost the eu's ambitions for clean energy.

European lawmakers have taken a series of steps that would greatly boost the eu's ambitions for clean energy.The European parliament has said that more than a third of the eu's energy consumption should come from renewable sources such as wind and solar power by 2030, compared with just over a quarter.But the decision is not legally binding - the European parliament now needs to consult with governments on the plan, which may try to reduce it.

The measures are aimed at helping the eu reduce carbon dioxide emissions.The European Union is the world's third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, behind China and the United States, which account for about 10 percent of global emissions.Under the Paris climate agreement, eu governments agreed in 2016 to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 per cent by 2030.That goal remains valid today.

Last month, in order to achieve this goal, the eu member states voted to by 2030, 27% of its energy needs, and half of the demand for electricity should come from wind, solar and biomass energy, rather than nuclear power.This is a legally binding target.But some members of the European parliament's panel of industry, research and energy experts say the goal is far from enough.They have previously argued that renewable energy should account for at least 35 per cent of the eu's energy mix by 2030.The European parliament voted on January 17th to support that goal.

"The policy ambition of promotion is welcome news," said Glen Peters, climate policy expert at the international centre for climate and environmental research in Oslo, Norway.But neither the current binding agreement nor the new draft clearly states how much greenhouse gas emissions they will cut.As a result, Peters says, they cannot guarantee that the eu will meet its 2030 emissions targets."Only time will tell if the combination of these interactions effectively reduces greenhouse gas emissions."

The eu also has a more short-term renewable energy target -- 20 per cent of its energy from clean sources by 2020.That goal remains unchanged, and the European Union seems likely to do so.Since 2004, the share of energy from renewable sources has doubled, to 17 per cent of total energy consumption (including energy consumption for heating and transport).

In some eu countries, clean energy is already dominant - Sweden has more than 50 per cent of its energy needs in renewable energy, compared with about 40 per cent in Finland.Other countries, such as Germany, are planning to ramp up production of renewables in the coming decades.But some countries, including the Netherlands and Britain, still lag behind.

Critics point out, and improve the renewable energy target may be led to through the burning of biomass to produce more power, and that may be harmful to environment, and will lead to carbon emissions.

Scientists are particularly concerned about forest biomass, which includes cutting down existing trees, burning them for biofuel, and releasing carbon that was originally sequestered.More than 700 scientists have recently written to the European parliament urging it to ban the practice.But the draft does not offer a complete ban - it merely says that "priority" should be given to burning wood waste and residue.

"In the next few decades, in energy production, the burning of logs will produce a climate-threatening carbon debt."Felix Creutzig said.He is an expert on land use at the Mercator global land and climate change research institute in Berlin."This is a conceptual error that runs counter to the climate mitigation goals of the European renewable energy programme," he said.

However, the draft law will prohibit palm oil from being used as a biofuel after 2021, because palm oil is widely believed to be responsible for deforestation.The move sparked protests in Malaysia over the outcome of the vote, which is a leading exporter of palm oil in Europe.

The European parliament also voted to increase the eu's energy efficiency targets and make them legally binding.According to the current energy plan, eu member states need to achieve 30% energy efficiency in construction and consumer goods after 2021.The European parliament now recommends that they achieve 35 per cent energy efficiency at that time.

One energy source can be further divided into two types: renewable energy and non-renewable energy.Renewable energy includes solar energy, water energy, wind energy, biomass energy, wave energy, tidal energy, ocean temperature difference energy, geothermal energy, etc.They can be recycled in nature.It is an inexhaustible source of energy that is automatically regenerated without human involvement, a source of energy relative to the exhaustible source of non-renewable energy.