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Germany's Energy Transition From A Biomass Power Plant
- Jun 16, 2018 -

When the reporter walks into is located in the eastern German city of magdeburg municipal corporation of biomass power plant, can't see the traditional coal-fired power plant common dust and smoke billowing white, almost not see people home is on the side of the power plant, a big dog in the leisurely pace, no impression in power plants.

Here, fuel power generation is like hills heap in the low value of wood in the yard, the size is strict in 5 mm to 16 cm between the waste wood, wood energy can every day for 4000 families and 6000 families of power heating.

Said Thomas peachey, head of the power plant, biomass power generation are very friendly to the environment, "carbon dioxide from the burning of wood and trees absorb carbon dioxide balance at the time, does not constitute an additional burden on the environment."

This kind of "green" power plants, help to Germany's carbon dioxide emissions reduction plan, also fit the German energy transformation goal: by 2025, renewable energy generation to 40% to 45% of total power generation, to reach 80% in 2050.

To this end, the German federal government in the newly revised in 2016 and passed the three energy bill, including the renewable energy act the energy transformation digital act and the electric power market act.

The German federal foreign trade and investment experts say, the three law provides a legal framework, energy transformation to renewable energy production enterprise further into the electric power market, and in the main realization of digital networking between users and power production enterprises.

Magdeburg municipal corporation of biomass power plant, installed scale 4.80, 000 kilowatts, but only two workers, from fuel collection and management to stuffing, to machine operation and the entire power generation process, are basically digital and very efficient.

In order to support the energy transformation, the German government not only provided the legal policy framework, but also provided a lot of financial support.In 2017 alone, the German federal government allocated 4 billion euros to support the energy transformation.According to the 2017 version of the renewable energy act, the German premium subsidy mechanism to replace the previous fixed feed-in tariff mechanism, and introduce market bidding mechanism, to encourage the development of renewable energy at the same time, also save on government subsidies.

German "Agora energy transformation" think-tank experts said Christopher bode Wells, which will attract more competitors enter the market, and give full of price competitiveness of electric power company advantage, conducive to the healthy development of the market and promote energy transformation.

As for the market competitiveness of green power, pich says the cost of the biomass plant is 7 kilowatt-hours per kilowatt-hour.Of all the renewable energy generated, 14 cents is about 1 percent more expensive than the cheapest hydropower.Six cents, but far less than wind and solar.

The cost of wind power is about 10 times that of hydropower, and the cost of solar power is 20 times that of hydropower, pich said."What's more, wind and solar are seasonally volatile," piggy said. "biomass power is more controllable by comparison."

City of magdeburg in Saxony - anhalt state, is the pioneer of energy transformation in Germany states, renewable energy power generation in the total generating capacity of up to 51%, far higher than 33% of the national average.Wind power stations, solar farms, biomass and garbage are widely used to generate electricity here.In magdeburg alone, garbage generates electricity and central heating for nearly 450,000 homes.It also provides an industrial base for the state to develop innovative energy storage devices.